Please refer to the categories below for more information.
Information and Resources
Singapore aims to phase out Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles and have all vehicles run on cleaner energy by 2040. To facilitate this transition, all new car registrations will have to be of cleaner-energy models from 2030 and hence, new pure ICE cars will be phased out. Cleaner-energy models include electric, hybrid or hydrogen fuel cell cars. We will also stop new diesel car registrations from 2025.
Incentives for Motorists
|From 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2023, newly registered electric cars and taxis will receive a 45 per cent rebate off the Additional Registration Fee (ARF), capped at $20,000. To further lower the upfront cost of owning an electric car, from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2023, we will remove the minimum payment of $5,000 in ARF and better enable mass-market electric cars to benefit from the full rebate.|
|Enhanced Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES)||From 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2022, the rebates for vehicles in both Bands A1 and A2 will be increased by $5,000 for cars, and $7,500 for taxis. A car in Band A1 will enjoy a $25,000 rebate, and a car in Band A2 will enjoy a $15,000 rebate.|
|Commercial Vehicles Emissions Scheme (CVES)||
Commercial vehicles are categorised into three bands resulting in a $10,000 surcharge for the most pollutive vehicles to $30,000 incentive for the least pollutive vehicles.
This encourages buyers to choose commercial vehicle models that have lower emissions across the identified pollutant categories, effective from 1 April 2021 to 31 March 2023.
|Enhanced Early Turnover Scheme (ETS)||
From 1 April 2021, existing Euro 4 Cat C diesel vehicles will also be eligible for the ETS incentive.
This increases the number of commercial vehicles eligible for the ETS incentive to encourage turnover to cleaner alternatives.
Public Charging Points
To find out more about the public charging stations in Singapore, please refer to the charging services provided by:
Type 2 Alternating Current (AC) and Combo 2 Direct Current (DC) chargers are the two National Public Charging Standards under the Technical Reference 25 (TR25). All public charging stations must provide chargers according to at least one of the two National Standards, with an option to provide CHAdeMO, the Optional Public Charging Standard.
Motorists living in private residences can work with the property owner or Management Committee to get the necessary approvals to install EV chargers in the premise. Motorists living in landed properties who wish to procure an EV charger should engage Licensed Electrical Workers (LEW) to install the EV charger at their property or approach EV Charging Operators for their services.
For Premise Owners
We will be monitoring EV adoption, and will consider making it mandatory for car parks in new developments to cater sufficient electrical capacity to support EV charging in their carparks. This includes upcoming HDB towns, commercial buildings and new private residences such as condominiums. If mandatory, premise owners will also need to ensure that a minimum number of charging points is installed.
EV Charger Operation Models
EV chargers in Singapore must be compliant with the Technical Reference for Electric Vehicle Charging Systems (TR25) which specifies the mandatory safety technical requirements for EV Charging Systems. Please refer to the latest version of the technical reference TR25:2016.
Steps to Install EV Supply Equipment (EVSE)
EV Supply Equipment (EVSE) includes the equipment that supplies power from the fixed electrical installation, EV Charging System, and cable assembly up to the point of connection to the EV.
The following outlines the steps to install EVSE in your premise. Please note that this could vary across developments and premise-owners should consult the relevant service or equipment providers.
If you are a resident or tenant in a building property and wish to install an EV Charging System, you will need to work with the property owner or Management Committee (e.g. MCST in a condominium) to get the necessary approvals.
Step 1: Consider the charging requirements of the EV(s)
|Evaluate the suitability of EVSE by considering the number of EVs, frequency of usage, range and battery capacities.
Step 2: Check on power supply
This will typically require a Licensed Electrical Worker (LEW) to inspect the premise and assess if there is sufficient electrical capacity to support the EV Charging System. The LEW will be able to advise on the installation requirements.
If an electrical upgrade is required, a qualified electrical contractor must be engaged to carry out the upgrade. The upgrade may involve increasing the existing power supply, and/or modifying the electrical distribution board and cabling works.
Step 3: Pre-installation of EVSE
|A LEW is required for the installation, inspection, testing and maintenance of EVSE. The LEW will check if the EV Charging System is issued with a Letter of No Objection (LNO) to ensure compliance with TR25:2016 and its relevant requirements.
Step 4: Post Installation of EVSE
The LEW will certify if the EVSE is fit for use before handing the installation back to the premise owner. Thereafter, the premise owner will be responsible for the safe usage and operation of the EV Charging System.
Regular maintenance, electrical safety inspection and testing has to be carried out on the EVSE according to TR25:2016 Amendment No. 1 (May 2020). A LEW has to be engaged to periodically inspect and test the EVSE. Please refer to the Inspection Checklist (PDF, 122kb) for the checks required.
Alternatively, premise owners may wish to consult with an EVSE Vendor, or an EV Charging Operator to undertake the installation of EVSE. In some cases, the car dealer may also offer to include EV Charging Systems and arrange for its installation.
For EV Charging Operators
A nationwide electric vehicle (EV) charging standard Technical Reference for EV Charging Systems (TR25) was established for the EV Charging System in Singapore. The TR25 sets out the technical standards and safety precautions for the design, installation and operation of chargers. The latest version of the technical reference is TR25:2016.
Proper Installation of EV Chargers
EV Charging Operators are required to engage a Licensed Electrical Worker (LEW) to install, test, and certify the fitness of EVSE installation. Before its installation, the LEW shall check that the EVSE is issued with a Letter of No Objection (LNO) to ensure that it complies with TR25:2016, the relevant International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards and the essential tests as per the Technical Compliance Checklist.
As operator of the EVSE, EV Charging Operators are responsible for the safe use and operation of the EV Charging Systems. Regular maintenance, electrical safety inspection and testing shall be carried out on the EVSE according to TR25:2016 Amendment No. 1 (May 2020). A LEW has to be engaged to periodically inspect and test the EVSE. Please refer to the Inspection Checklist (PDF, 122kb) for the checks required.
EV chargers and charging cables shall be installed in appropriate locations, without obstructing motorists and other users. Please refer to the non-exhaustive examples below:
- EV chargers shall not block driving lanes and footpaths
- Charging cables should not dangle over or go across footpaths when in use
- When the charger is not in use, there should be sufficient floor space for the charging cables such that they do not intrude into the parking lots, driving lanes and footpaths
- Wall-mounted EV Chargers shall not enter the space above parking lots, driving lanes and footpaths
- When a vehicle is parked in an EV lot, the chargers and accompanying equipment shall not block the vehicle doors
National Public Charging Standards
Type 2 AC and Combo-2 DC charging systems are adopted as the National Public Charging Standards (NPCS). In March 2020, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) and the Energy Market Authority (EMA) jointly announced the addition of CHAdeMO charging systems as an Optional Public Charging Standards (OPCS) for EVs. This enables providers of EV chargers to bring in a larger range of public charging options for EV users and supports the wider adoption of EVs in Singapore.
The standard for EV chargers, or TR25:2016, is currently being reviewed by LTA in partnership with industry players, various stakeholders and experts. The review is expected to be completed by end 2021.
LTA plans to set up regulatory sandboxes for EV players to testbed various EV charging solutions, so as to better involve the private sector in finding solutions to drive EV adoption.
Deployment of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure
A pilot tender for EV charging points at public carparks was launched in November 2020. It covers the installation and operation of more than 600 EV charging points at over 200 public carparks across Singapore such as public housing estates, industrial estates, public parks and community centres. The tender has successfully closed on 31 March 2021 and attracted 19 bidders. Successful tenderers will be required to install charging stations at their allotted carparks by the third quarter of 2022.
Industry Consultation on Charger Deployment
The private sector is essential to the deployment efforts in public carparks, which include the installation and operation of chargers, and necessary electrical infrastructure upgrades. LTA launched a Request for Information (RFI) on 8 April 2021 to seek the industry’s views on designing a commercially sustainable market model for EV charging infrastructure supporting public carparks .
The RFI invites the industry and interested parties to submit views on proposed market models for EV charging infrastructure in public carparks, with regard to procurement, implementation and operation of charging points, and the required electrical infrastructure upgrades such as switch rooms and substations. It also aims to gauge industry interest and readiness to participate in future EV charging infrastructure tender(s). Interested parties may visit GeBIZ for more information.
|EV Common Charger Grant||Non-landed private residences will be able to apply for the grant to defray part of the cost of installing a charger, subject to a quantum cap. This will be made available to the first 2,000 chargers installed from July 2021. More details will be announced by end June 2021.|
For Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)
LTA requires car dealers to have every new make and model of vehicles to be type approved and to meet technical requirements before use on the roads.
For Industry Partners
As Singapore embarks on our vehicle electrification journey, we welcome EV and EV charging companies to locate their activities in Singapore to capture opportunities in the region. In Singapore, companies can perform a range of functions, including product research and development (R&D), manufacturing and headquarter services.
Today, Singapore is home to an ecosystem of mobility companies from automotive OEMs such as Hyundai, mobility service providers such as Grab and Motional, and electronics and component suppliers such as Infineon, DuraPower, Borgwarner, Continental and Denso. Local companies such as TES and SMA also undertake lithium-ion battery recycling in Singapore, ensuring that valuable materials are recovered.
Our ecosystem is complemented by an established pool of public research institutes, particularly for battery-related R&D. Institutes such as ERI@N, SUTD and A*STAR undertake development of new lithium-ion battery structures and materials as well as next-generation batteries such as solid state batteries.