Import Control Regime for PABs and Motorised PMDs

From 28 June 2021, under the Small Motorised Vehicles (Safety) Act 2020 (SMVA), all importers of Power-Assisted Bicycles (PABs) and motorised Personal Mobility Devices (PMDs) are required to obtain approval from the Land Transport Authority (LTA) before importing these devices into Singapore. This applies to devices imported under Harmonised System (HS) codes 87116091 and 87116092.

The import control regime is a key upstream measure to stem the inflow of non-compliant PABs and motorised PMDs into Singapore. It reinforces the government’s existing efforts to promote public path and fire safety in the use of active mobility devices.

Under the SMVA, it is an offence (see penalties below) to:

  • Import PABs and/or motorised PMDs without an import permit
  • Provide false or misleading information in an import permit application
  • Fail to comply with the conditions of an import approval

To import PABs and/or motorised PMDs, importers must apply for an import permit and pay the permit fee via TradeNet, Singapore’s National Single Window for trade declaration.

The import control regime also applies to individuals bringing in PABs or motorised PMDs for personal use (e.g. residents returning to Singapore or travellers entering Singapore). Individuals who attempt to bring in PABs or motorised PMDs without a valid import permit may be asked to U-turn or dispose of their device on the spot for a fee, or may face penalties and have their device seized.

From 28 June 2021, the following types of devices are designated as controlled goods, and require LTA’s approval before importation:

  • All PABs (HS code 87116091)
  • All motorised PMDs (HS code 87116092), including:

Completely knocked down (CKD) devices are not subject to import control at this point. However, LTA may expand the import control regime to include them in future.

The following types of devices are not controlled under LTA's import control regime:

  • Non-motorised PMDs or bicycles
  • Personal mobility aids (e.g. mobility scooters, motorised wheelchairs)
  • Motorised pedal cycles with three or more wheels
  • Electric motorcycles

Note: When applying for import approval, devices in the above list should not be declared under HS codes 87116091 or 87116092, with the exception of some pocket motorcycles, which may be classified under HS code 87116092. Pocket motorcycles declared under HS code 87116092 should be declared under the product code “MISC” (PDF, 122kb), which is for goods not controlled by LTA.

For enquiries regarding HS classification, you may submit an enquiry to Singapore Customs.

In general, LTA will only grant import approval for compliant PABs and motorised PMDs .

Compliant Devices

Compliant PABs are those that comply with the PAB technical requirements. (Note: From 1 July 2021, PABs must comply with the revised EN15194:2017 standard, and not the old EN15194:2009+A1:2011 standard.)

Compliant motorised PMDs are those that comply with the device criteria for use on public paths, i.e. maximum unladen weight of 20kg, maximum width of 70cm, maximum motorised device speed of 25km/h, and certification to the UL2272 fire safety standard.

Non-Compliant Devices

For non-compliant devices, LTA may grant import approval under specific circumstances and subject to LTA’s strict assessment, such as for:

  1. Research
  2. Re-export
  3. Commercial or government use exclusively on private land or land with restricted public access
  4. Military or national security use

Approval granted to import non-compliant devices may be subject to conditions imposed by LTA.

To import PABs and/or motorised PMDs, importers must apply for an import permit and pay the permit fee via TradeNet, Singapore’s National Single Window for trade declaration.

You will have to activate a Customs Account, and either appoint a Declaring Agent or register as a Declaring Agent. You or your Declaring Agent must maintain an Inter-bank GIRO with Singapore Customs to pay the import permit fee (and make any other payments). More details on applying for an import permit can be found on Singapore Customs’ website.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes, Product codes, and CA/SC codes (where applicable1) (PDF, 122kb) in your import permit application, and provide all necessary supporting documents. 

Supporting Documents and Timelines

Please take note of the following processes and timelines:

Compliant Devices  LTA will take up to three working days to process the import permit application submitted via TradeNet (after all necessary supporting documents (PDF, 101kB) have been submitted). Importers are advised to obtain the permit before the goods arrive, to avoid delays.
Non-compliant Devices

For non-compliant devices, there are two stages of application.  Importers are required to first obtain in-principle approval from LTA via email, then apply for the import permit via TradeNet.

1. The request for in-principle approval should be sent to LTA at LTA_import_amdevice@lta.gov.sg, complete with all necessary supporting documents (PDF, 101kB), at least six weeks before the date of importation.

(Note: If the devices are to be used on public paths or roads, the importer may need to separately obtain an exemption request from LTA for such use. This process takes up to ten weeks.)

2. LTA will take up to three working days to process the import permit application via TradeNet (after all necessary supporting documents (PDF, 101kB), including the letter of in-principle approval from LTA, have been submitted). Importers are advised to obtain the permit before the goods arrive, to avoid delays.

 

1When applying to import non-compliant devices, you will have to fill in the "CA/SC Code 1" field to declare the purpose of import. 

The import permit fees1 are as follows:

  • $30 per device for compliant PABs or motorised PMDs
  • $90 per device for non-compliant PABs or motorised PMDs

These fees are in addition to any Customs fees that may apply.

1 Permits obtained using the following declaration types may be entitled to permit fee refunds:

  • INP-APS – Approved Premises / Schemes
  • INP-SFZ – Storage in FTZ
  • INP-REX – Re-export

Please contact LTA_import_amdevice@lta.gov.sg for more information.

Under the SMVA, the following penalties are applicable:

Importing a PAB or motorised PMD without approval from LTA

  Individuals Corporations
First-time offenders Fine of up to $5,000, or imprisonment for up to 6 months, or both Fine of up to $10,000
Repeat offenders Fine of up to $10,000, or imprisonment for up to 12 months, or both Fine of up to $20,000

 

Providing false or misleading information (e.g. in import permit application)

Fine of up to $5,000, or imprisonment for up to 12 months, or both.

Failing to comply with conditions of import approval

  Individuals Corporations
First-time offenders Fine of up to $2,000, or imprisonment for up to 3 months, or both Fine of up to $5,000
Repeat offenders Fine of up to $5,000, or imprisonment of up to 6 months, or both Fine of up to $10,000
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