What is ERP?
ERP is an Electronic Road Pricing System used in managing road congestion. Based on a pay-as-you-use principle, motorists are charged when they use priced roads during peak hours.
ERP rates vary for different roads and time periods depending on local traffic conditions. This encourages motorists to change their mode of transport, travel route or time of travel.
What are its benefits?
- Minimises traffic volume in heavily used roads in the CBD and Orchard areas, as well as major expressways.
- Optimises usage of the road network by encouraging motorists to consider alternatives.
- Provides a fair price for motorists. Charges are based on usage—those who use the roads pay more; while those who use the roads less frequently or who travel during non-ERP hours pay less or don’t need to pay at all.
- No more monthly/daily licences. Motorists no longer need to buy paper licences to drive through high traffic areas in the CBD.
- No human error. ERP’s reliable and fully automated system operates 24 hours. Its central computer system ensures gantries are always working properly.
Operating Hours of ERP Gantries
Please refer to One.Motoring for more information on Rates and Operating Hours of ERP Gantries.
Why do we need ERP?
Traffic congestion is costly to the individual and society. It results in the loss of productive hours, environmental pollution, wasted fuel and adverse health effects. To keep traffic moving, LTA will continue with a holistic and integrated approach using all the tools available, including building more roads, regulating vehicle growth, implementing traffic engineering solutions and promoting the use of public transport. In addition to the various measures, we also need to manage traffic demand through ERP.
With more vehicles on the road, ERP remains effective in addressing current and future traffic conditions and ensuring motorists continue to have a smooth journey.
How are ERP rates determined?
ERP rates are determined by a quarterly review of traffic speeds of priced roads and during the June and December school holidays. Based on an optimal speed range of 20-30 km/h on arterial roads and 45-65 km/h on expressways, ERP rates will be adjusted accordingly.
The ERP charges you pay depends on:
- Your Passenger Car Unit (PCU) equivalent
Cars, taxis and light goods vehicles are 1PCU. Motorcycles are 0.5PCU; heavy goods vehicles and small buses are 1.5PCU. Very heavy goods vehicles and big buses are 2PCU.
- The time you enter the restricted zone
During peak hours, charges change every half hour to take into account traffic volumes. This helps to spread the traffic flow over a longer period.
Graduated Electronic Pricing
Since February 2003, motorists have been enjoying savings of 25 cents to S$2 when passing through most of the ERP gantries.
To discourage motorists from speeding up or slowing down to avoid paying higher ERP charges, we made ERP changes more gradual.
Graduated ERP rates have been introduced for the first five minutes of the time slot with a higher rate. If the next period has a lower ERP rate, the new rate is introduced for the last five minutes. This applies to cases where the change in the rate is at least S$0.50, depending on vehicle type. For car drivers, the graduated ERP rate applies where the change in rate is at least S$1.
Because the graduated rate is introduced in the more expensive band, it means overall lower ERP charges for motorists.
When you pass through an operational ERP gantry without a properly inserted CashCard in the IU, or one with insufficient monetary value in the CashCard, you will receive a letter within a few days of the violation. You must pay the ERP charge plus an administrative fee of S$10 within two weeks from the date of the letter. The administrative fee is reduced to $8 if payment is made electronically via the following channels:
- LTA's ONE.MOTORING website
- AXS stations
- Self-service Automated Machines (SAMs) at post offices
- Automated teller machines
- Internet banking services
You may also drop by the LTA office at 10 Sin Ming Drive, Singapore 575701 or mail us a cheque at Singapore Post Centre Post Office, P.O. Box 491, Singapore 914017 quoting the vehicle number and notice number on the reverse of the cheque.
Background on ERP
The first road-pricing scheme, known as the Area Licensing Scheme (ALS), was introduced in the Restricted Zone (RZ) in 1975. The scheme was subsequently extended to major expressways with the Road Pricing Scheme (RPS).
In 1998, ERP replaced the previously manual Area Licensing Scheme for restricted zones and Road Pricing Scheme for expressways.
|For the next generation ERP II, we’ve been testing the use of Global Positioning System (GPS). Not only will a GPS-based ERP system overcome the inflexibility of having physical gantries, we will also be able to make distance-based congestion charging possible.
This is fairer since ERP charges will be computed based on the actual length of congested roads used by motorists.