Singapore aims to phase out Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles and have all vehicles run on cleaner energy by 2040.
In Singapore, where most of our power is generated from natural gas, we can be more sustainable by switching from internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles to electric vehicles (EVs). An EV emits half the amount of CO2 as compared to a similar vehicle powered by ICE. If all our light vehicles run on electricity, we would reduce carbon emissions by 1.5 to 2 million tonnes, or about 4% of total national emissions.
Under the Singapore Green Plan 2030 (SGP30), we have a comprehensive EV Roadmap to ramp up our efforts for EV adoption. With the advancement of EV technology, we expect that the cost of buying an EV and ICE vehicle to be similar by the mid-2020s. As the prices of EVs become more attractive, the accessibility of charging infrastructure is vital for encouraging EV adoption. In the EV Roadmap, we have set a target of 60,000 EV charging points by 2030. We will work with the private sectors to achieve 40,000 charging points in public carparks and 20,000 charging points in private premises.
To reduce the carbon footprint of public transport, LTA has committed to having a 100% cleaner energy bus fleet by 2040. Hence, moving forward, we will only purchase cleaner energy buses. In line with this vision, we bought 60 electric buses, which have been progressively deployed since 2020 and will be fully deployed by end 2021. With these 60 electric buses, the CO2 tailpipe emissions from buses will decrease by approximately 7,840 tons annually. This is equal to the annual CO2 emissions of 1,700 passenger cars.
Click here for more information for Motorists, Premise Owners, EV Charging Operators, Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and Industry Partners.
National Electric Vehicle Centre (NEVC)
In line with Singapore’s vision for all vehicles to run on cleaner energy by 2040, the newly formed National Electric Vehicle Centre (NEVC) spearheads the drive to promote wider EV adoption. This includes accelerating the deployment of a nationwide EV charging infrastructure, building EV regulations and standards, and cultivating a robust EV ecosystem in Singapore. NEVC works closely with relevant Government agencies and industry stakeholders to equip our workforce with new capabilities and anchor new EV-related activities in Singapore. This facilitates the safe and innovative development of new EV-related technologies in Singapore.
If you have queries or would like to share your feedback, contact us via email at: LTA_Electromobility@lta.gov.sg
EV Road Map
To encourage EV adoption in Singapore, LTA will focus on three areas – vehicle taxes and incentives, regulations and standards and EV charger deployment.
Vehicle Taxes and Incentives
In view of the improvements in vehicular efficiency, LTA implemented a downward revision in road tax for electric cars from 1 January 2021.
We aim to make it more attractive to own and use electric cars through incentives and rebates such as the EV Early Adoption Incentive (EEAI) and Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES) to narrow the upfront cost gap with ICE cars.
Regulations and Standards
Administered by the Energy Market Authority (EMA), Technical Reference 25 (TR25) is the set of technical standards and safety precautions that governs the EV Charging System in Singapore. To provide dedicated focus in this area, the regulatory role of EV Charging Systems will be legally transferred from EMA to LTA.
In partnership with industry players and academic experts, LTA is leading a comprehensive review of TR25, which is expected to be completed by end 2021.
While the review is ongoing, LTA plans to set up regulatory sandboxes for commercial players to test and introduce innovative and unique EV charging solutions.
EV Charger Deployment
With our target of 60,000 charging points by 2030, there will be a ratio of about five EVs per charging point.
Slow charging will likely be the most common way of charging, with charging taking place near our homes overnight, and in the office while we work. Not only are they convenient, slow chargers also place a lower burden on electrical infrastructure as compared to fast chargers.
We will still explore the scope for fast chargers, and install them where feasible. There will also be opportunities to upgrade the existing grid infrastructure to provide fast charging points at suitable locations. Currently, EV Charging Operators such as Shell, Greenlots and SP are already providing fast charging services islandwide, in places such as petrol stations, shopping malls, office buildings and industrial estates.
Carparks in New Developments
We will monitor EV adoption, and consider making it mandatory for new developments to cater sufficient electrical capacity to support EV charging in their carparks. This includes upcoming HDB towns, commercial buildings and new private residences such as condominiums. If mandatory, premise owners will also need to ensure that a minimum number of charging points is installed.
Existing Public Carparks
For public housing estates, charging points will be implemented in phases islandwide, and we will have eight “EV-Ready Towns” by 2025. They are Ang Mo Kio, Bedok, Choa Chu Kang, Jurong West, Punggol, Queenstown, Sembawang and Tengah. In these towns, every HDB carpark will be fitted with charging points. By the 2030s, we strive to make every HDB town an EV-Ready Town.
Existing Private Carparks
For non-landed private residences such as condominiums and private apartments, installing chargers can be a challenge as residents who own EVs are likely to be in the minority. To facilitate charger installation, an EV Common Charger Grant has been introduced to kickstart the installation of shared charging infrastructure. More details on the grant can be found here.
- Speech by Minister for Transport, Mr Ong Ye Kung, at the Committee of Supply Debate 2021 on Singapore Green Plan 2030
- Budget Speech 2021 – Singapore Green Plan 2030
- Joint Release by URA and LTA - Launch of Pilot Tender to Jumpstart Expansion of Public Carpark Charging Network for Electric Vehicles
- Launch of Request for Information for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Market Design