Rules and Code of Conduct

Active Mobility Act Banner

Making Walk Cycle Ride SG a reality goes beyond infrastructure. All of us need to look out for each other to get around safely. To that end, the Active Mobility Act (AMA), containing a set of rules and code of conduct for cyclists, and riders of personal mobility devices (PMDs) and power-assisted bicycles (PABs), was put in place. The AMA also provides LTA with legislative and enforcement powers to regulate the use of bicycles, PMDs and PABs on public paths, as well as the sale of these devices. Read on to learn more.

Where Devices Can Be Used | Rules for Paths | Device Criteria l Rules for Roads l Code of Conduct | Rules for Retailers



Locations and types of devices that can be usedRestricted Devices and Penalties

1PMDs refer to devices such as kick-scooters, electric scooters, hoverboards, unicycles etc.
2PMAs refer to devices such as wheelchairs, motorised wheelchairs or mobility scooters which are designed to carry an individual who is unable to walk or has walking difficulties.

All bicycles, PMDs and PABs have to meet the device criteria of maximum weight of 20kg, maximum width of 70cm and maximum capped speed of 25km/h to be used on public paths. 

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RULES WHEN RIDING ON PATHSRules when riding on paths

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Devices such as bicycles, personal mobility devices (PMDs) and power-assisted bicycles (PABs) must adhere to the device criteria as below before they can be used on public paths. Device criteria

Also, do note that all power-assisted bicycles (PABs) must be sealed with LTA approval seal, registered and fixed with a registration plate.

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rules when riding on roads

Rules when riding on Roads

Please click here to download the list of the code of conduct for riding on roads. 

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The code of conduct is a set of behaviours that cyclists, PMD and PAB riders are encouraged to follow to facilitate the safe and harmonious sharing of spaces amongst the various groups of users.   

When riding on paths

  • Check that your lights, brakes and tyres are in good working condition before setting off. 
  • Check the height of your handlebars and seat on the bicycle to ensure that you have full control of the device when coming to a sudden stop in an emergency.
  • Keep both hands on the handlebars. Signal your attention to change course or make a turn ahead of time.
  • Ride on bicycle crossings when available. 
  • Keep a safe distance from other path users especially when overtaking to avoid collision.
  • Avoid projecting your device lights into the face of another device rider or of a pedestrian when riding.
  • Keep left on paths unless when overtaking.
  • Slow down when approaching bus stops and/or intersections of public paths.
  • Walk your device in crowded areas.
  • Gently alert others before overtaking
  • Always give way to pedestrians.
  • Ride on shared paths when available.
  • Stop and look out for traffic at crossings, and cross only when it is safe.
  • Park at designated areas. 

When riding on roads

  • Always ride as close as practicably to the left-hand edge of roads and allow traffic to overtake you safely. Keep a straight course and avoid sudden swerves. 
  • Always use bicycle lanes when available.
  • Do not weave through traffic. 
  • Keep a safe distance behind moving vehicles. Do not hold to the back or side of motor vehicles.
  • Maintain awareness of traffic when riding.
  • Slow down and look out for other road users when approaching bends, junctions, bus stops and pedestrian crossings or when passing a parked car.
  • Do not squeeze between the kerb and a bus that has stopped at a bus stop.
  • Avoid squeezing between a turning vehicle and the kerb. Keep your cycling speed under control when riding on downhill roads. Get off and walk the bicycle if the hill is too steep.
  • Wear bright-coloured clothing to increase you visibility to other vehicles and pedestrians.
  • Use the safest route and keep out of heavy traffic when possible. 
  • Do not carry anything in your arm that may interfere with the proper control of your bicycle.
  • Check the height of your handlebars and seat on the bicycle to ensure that you have full control of the device when coming to a sudden stop in an emergency.
  • Keep both hands on the handlebars. Signal your attention to change course or make a turn ahead of time.
  • Stop and look out for traffic at crossings, and cross only when it is safe.

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Key regulations under the AMA governing retailers on the sale, advertisement and modification of non-compliant devices include:

·         Mandatory requirement to put up warning notices
·         No displaying and advertising of non-compliant devices
·         No selling of PMDs for use on roads
·         No selling of non-compliant devices for use on public paths
·         No altering or modifying of devices to render them non-compliant

Penalties for offences vary, with maximum fine not exceeding $5,000, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months, or both, for the first offence. For the list of rules and corresponding penalties applicable for PMD and PAB retailers, please refer to [1] and [2] respectively.

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The Active Mobility Act (AMA) was passed in Parliament on 10 January 2017 and has come into effect. The laws were drafted based on the recommendations from the Active Mobility Advisory Panel (AMAP).

Click here for the full list of rules.

A full description of the various paths under the AMA can be found in the table below.

Type of Paths             Description
Pedestrian-Only Paths 
Shared Paths



Active Mobility Act Campaign

AM Act Campaign Poster

These posters and brochures provide details on the rules, code of conduct and penalties under the AMA.

Download posters: 

Download brochures:

Safe Riders Campaign

Safe Riders Campaign Poster

Share the 7 safe riding habits that cyclists and PMD users should observe when riding on paths!

Download 'Safe Riders' poster in English/ChineseMalay/Tamil

Warning Notice for Retailers

Warning Notice for Retailers

PMD and PAB retailers need to display at least one warning notice prominently at or near any point of sale, or any point of payment. The notice must be no smaller than 29.7cm x 42cm, printed indelibly in colour with minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

Download the warning notice here.


Active mobility advisory panel

The Panel, commissioned in July 2015, is led by Senior Parliamentary Secretary A/Professor Muhammad Faishal Ibrahim, and comprises representatives from key stakeholder groups including seniors, youths, cyclists, users of PMDs, motorists, and grassroots leaders.

On 17 March 2016, the Panel recommended a set of rules and code of conduct for cycling and the use of PMDs. These recommendations were accepted in full by the Government and incorporated into the Active Mobility Act.

In 2018, the Panel commenced a second review with a focus on improving safety on public paths. The Government accepted the Panel's recommendations on 4 September 2018 and will implement them in early-2019.