Rules and Code of Conduct

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Making Walk Cycle Ride SG a reality goes beyond infrastructure. All of us need to look out for each other to get around safely. To that end, the Active Mobility Act (AMA) was put in place.

The AMA contains a set of rules and code of conduct for cyclists, and riders of personal mobility devices (PMDs), power-assisted bicycles (PABs), and personal mobility aids (PMAs) to ensure safer journeys for all on public paths. It also provides LTA with legislative and enforcement powers to regulate the sale of these devices. Read on to learn more.

Where Devices Can Be Used | Device Criteria l Riding on Public Paths l Cycling on Roads 
Rules for Retailers l Using Shared Devices Responsibly



Know where you can ride your bicycle, PMD, PAB or PMA for the safety of yourself and others. You may face penalties if caught riding your device on the wrong path or road.

Locations and types of devices that can be used

1PMDs refer to devices such as kick-scooters, electric scooters, hoverboards, unicycles etc.
2PMAs refer to devices such as wheelchairs, motorised wheelchairs or mobility scooters which are designed to carry an individual who is unable to walk or has walking difficulties.

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All bicycles, PMDs and PABs have to meet the device criteria of maximum weight of 20kg, maximum width of 70cm and maximum capped speed of 25km/h before they can be used on public paths.

Device criteria

Mandatory registration for power-assisted bicycles
Do note that power-assisted bicycles (PABs) must be sealed with the LTA approval seal, registered and affixed with a registration plate. For details on how to register your PAB, visit

Mandatory registration for e-scooters from 2 January 2019
Owners of e-scooters may register their devices on the OneMotoring website, or at any Post Office, from 2 January 2019. Registration is compulsory and from 1 July 2019, it will be an offence to ride an unregistered e-scooter on public paths.

Register your e-scooter by 31 March 2019 to enjoy a waiver of the $20 registration fee. For more details on registering your e-scooter, visit

Adoption of UL2272 standard for all motorised PMDs from 1 January 2021
There has been a sharp increase in the number of fires caused by motorised PMDs over the past few years. To minimise fire incidents and improve public safety, LTA is adopting the UL2272 standard for fire and electrical safety for all PMDs from 1 January 2021. Non-UL2272 certified e-scooters purchased after 30 June 2019 cannot be registered or transferred. 

Non-UL2272 certified e-scooters purchased on or before 30 June 2019 may be registered and used on public paths until 31 Dec 2020, after which they will be automatically de-registered and may no longer be used on public paths. 

Before purchasing a motorised PMD, you are strongly encouraged to check that the device carries the certification mark that shows that it is UL2272 certified. View this list to find out more about UL2272-certified PMDs.

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To accord more rider responsibility and ensure the safety of pedestrians and other users on public paths, the following rules have to be observed when riding on footpaths and shared paths. 

Best Practices
Cyclists, PMD and PAB riders are also encouraged to follow this set of code of conduct to share public paths safely and harmoniously with others.

  • Check that your lights, brakes and tyres are in good working condition before setting off. 
  • Check the height of your handlebars and seat on the bicycle to ensure that you have full control of the device when coming to a sudden stop in an emergency.
  • Keep both hands on the handlebars. Signal your attention to change course or make a turn ahead of time.
  • Ride on bicycle crossings when available. 
  • Keep a safe distance from other path users especially when overtaking to avoid collision.
  • Avoid projecting your device lights into the face of another device rider or of a pedestrian when riding.
  • Keep left on paths unless when overtaking.
  • Slow down when approaching bus stops and/or intersections of public paths.
  • Walk your device in crowded areas.
  • Gently alert others before overtaking
  • Always give way to pedestrians.
  • Ride on shared paths when available.
  • Stop and look out for traffic at crossings, and cross only when it is safe6.
  • Park at designated areas. 

In September 2018, the Government accepted the Active Mobility Advisory Panel’s recommendation for all active mobility device users to “stop and look” out for vehicles at road crossings, before resuming their journeys. This will be implemented as a rule in early 2019.

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cycling on roads

The following rules for cyclists and PAB riders can be found under the Road Traffic Act (RTA). Observe these rules when cycling on roads.

Best practices
Cyclists and PAB riders are encouraged to adopt the following practices to safeguard themselves and share the roads safely with motorists.

  • Always ride as close as practicably to the left-hand edge of roads and allow traffic to overtake you safely. Keep a straight course and avoid sudden swerves. 
  • Always use bicycle lanes when available.
  • Do not weave through traffic. 
  • Keep a safe distance behind moving vehicles. Do not hold to the back or side of motor vehicles.
  • Maintain awareness of traffic when riding.
  • Slow down and look out for other road users when approaching bends, junctions, bus stops and pedestrian crossings or when passing a parked car.
  • Do not squeeze between the kerb and a bus that has stopped at a bus stop.
  • Avoid squeezing between a turning vehicle and the kerb. Keep your cycling speed under control when riding on downhill roads. Get off and walk the bicycle if the hill is too steep.
  • Wear bright-coloured clothing to increase you visibility to other vehicles and pedestrians.
  • Use the safest route and keep out of heavy traffic when possible. 
  • Do not carry anything in your arm that may interfere with the proper control of your bicycle.
  • Check the height of your handlebars and seat on the bicycle to ensure that you have full control of the device when coming to a sudden stop in an emergency.
  • Keep both hands on the handlebars. Signal your attention to change course or make a turn ahead of time.

Read the full code of conduct for cycling on roads under the Highway Code.

Getting personal liability insurance

To protect yourself from personal accident expenses and third-party injury claims, you may like to consider purchasing active mobility insurance. The following are some products8 available on the market:

  • AAS Insurance Agency Pte Ltd: AA Personal Mobility Plus (underwritten by Liberty Insurance Pte Ltd)
  • eTiQa: ePROTECT personal mobility
  • NTUC Income: Personal Mobility Guard

8This list is not meant to be exhaustive nor imply endorsement or recommendation of any of these products or companies. You should make your own assessment on the product that best meet your needs.

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Key regulations under the AMA governing retailers on the sale, advertisement and modification of non-compliant devices include:

·         Mandatory requirement to put up warning notices
·         No displaying and advertising of non-compliant devices
·         No selling of PMDs for use on roads
·         No selling of non-compliant devices for use on public paths
·         No altering or modifying of devices to render them non-compliant

Penalties for offences vary, with the maximum fine not exceeding $5,000, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months, or both, for the first offence. The list of rules and corresponding penalties applicable for PMD and PAB retailers are available on the Singapore Statues Online website.

From 1 July 2019, it will be an offence to display, advertise and/or sell non-UL2272 certified devices. 

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Keep our streets neat and free of obstruction by following these steps when you end your trip on a shared bicycle.

  1. Park your shared bicycle at places shown below. You may also refer to your bicycle sharing app, which will display nearby designated parking zones.

  2. Look out for the QR code located near the parking area and scan it to end your trip.

You will be charged an additional $5 fee by the bicycle sharing company for failing to park properly and scan the QR-code. After 3 failures, you will face a 1-month ban from using all shared bicycle services. The ban period will increase with every subsequent ban. For more details on the user ban process, read this guide.

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The Active Mobility Act (AMA) was passed in Parliament on 10 January 2017 and has come into effect. The laws were drafted based on the recommendations from the Active Mobility Advisory Panel (AMAP).

Click here for the full list of rules.

A full description of the various paths under the AMA can be found in the table below.

Type of Paths             Description
Pedestrian-Only Paths 
Shared Paths



Active Mobility Act Campaign

AM Act Campaign Poster

These posters and brochures provide details on the rules, code of conduct and penalties under the AMA.

Download posters: 

Download brochures:

E-scooter Registration

To deter reckless riding and facilitate enforcement efforts against errant riders, all e-scooters used on public paths must be registered with LTA. Registered e-scooters must also be affixed with marks carrying a unique identifier. Register by 31 March 2019 to enjoy a waiver of the $20 registration fee.

For more information, visit, or download the poster and brochure.

Safe Riders Campaign

Safe Riders Campaign Poster

Share the 7 safe riding habits that cyclists and PMD users should observe when riding on paths!

Download 'Safe Riders' poster in English/ChineseMalay/Tamil

Park It Right Campaign

Help keep our streets neat and free of obstruction! Park shared bicycles at designated parking locations and scan the QR-code to end your trip. Download these posters to learn more about the new QR-code parking system for bicycle-sharing users.

Download posters:
English, Chinese, Malay, Tamil

You will face a 1-month ban from using all bicycle-sharing services after 3 failures to park properly and scan the QR-code. For more details on the user ban process, read this guide.

Warning Notice for Retailers

Warning Notice for Retailers

PMD and PAB retailers need to display at least one warning notice prominently at or near any point of sale, or any point of payment. The notice must be no smaller than 29.7cm x 42cm, printed indelibly in colour with minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

Download the warning notice here.


Active mobility advisory panel

The Panel, commissioned in July 2015, is led by Senior Parliamentary Secretary A/Professor Muhammad Faishal Ibrahim, and comprises representatives from key stakeholder groups including seniors, youths, cyclists, users of PMDs, motorists, and grassroots leaders.

On 17 March 2016, the Panel recommended a set of rules and code of conduct for cycling and the use of PMDs. These recommendations were accepted in full by the Government and incorporated into the Active Mobility Act.

In 2018, the Panel commenced a second review with a focus on improving safety on public paths. The Government accepted the Panel's recommendations on 4 September 2018 and will implement them in early-2019.