Rules and Code of Conduct

Making Walk Cycle Ride SG a reality goes beyond infrastructure. All of us need to look out for each other to get around safely. To that end, the Active Mobility Act (AMA) was put in place.

The AMA contains a set of rules and code of conduct for cyclists, and riders of personal mobility devices (PMDs), power-assisted bicycles (PABs), and personal mobility aids (PMAs) to ensure safer journeys for all on public paths. It also provides LTA with legislative and enforcement powers to regulate the sale of these devices. Read on to learn more.

Where Devices Can Be Used | Device Criteria l Riding on Public Paths l Cycling on Roads 
Rules for Retailers l Using Shared Devices Responsibly



Know where you can ride your bicycle, PMD, PAB or PMA for the safety of yourself and others. You may face penalties if caught riding your device on the wrong path or road.

1All e-scooters and PABs must be registered with LTA. If your e-scooter is not certified to the UL2272 standard, you can only register it if it was bought before 1 July 2019. However, it will be automatically deregistered on 1 January 2021, when all non-UL2272 certied PMDs cannot be used on public paths. 


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All bicycles, PMDs and PABs have to meet the device criteria of maximum weight of 20kg, maximum width of 70cm and maximum capped speed of 25km/h before they can be used on public paths. Failure to comply with the device criteria will result in a fine of up to $5,000 and/or 3 months jail term for a first-time offence.

UL2272 fire safety standard for motorised personal mobility devices

The UL2272 standard improves safety against fire and electrical hazards significantly. The devices are required to pass a stringent set of tests conducted by accredited testing centres under extreme physical conditions to obtain the safety cerification. For more information on the UL2272 standard, click here.

If you own a non-UL2272 certified motorised PMD, you are strongly encouraged to switch to a model that is certified to the UL2272 standard as soon as possible, for the safety of yourself and those around you. View this list as a guide to the current UL2272 certified PMDs in the market.

From 1 July 2020, all non-UL2272 certified motorised PMDs will be disallowed on public paths. As such, non-UL2272 certified e-scooters that have been registered will be automatically de-registered on that date.

A mandatory inspection regime for registered e-scooters will be introduced from 1 April 2020, and all e-scooters which were earlier registered and self-declared UL2272-certified will be scheduled for inspections. All new e-scooters will also have to pass inspections for UL2272 certification and width, weight, and device speed before they can be registered with LTA. 

Non-UL2272 certified PMDs pose a fire risk and all non-UL2272 devices should be properly and safely disposed of. LTA is working with NEA to set up designated collection or recycling points for safe and convenient disposal of non-UL2272 certified devices, and more details will be announced in due course. In the meanwhile, those who wish to dispose or recycle their non-UL2272 certified devices can bring their devices to any of the recyclers listed here. The disposal of non-UL2272 certified devices are not allowed at public places, including NEA’s blue recycling bins. 


Mandatory registration for e-scooters and power-assisted bicycles

Own an e-scooter or a power-assisted bicycle? Do note that there is mandatory registration for these devices.

Owners of e-scooters have to register their devices at before using them. From 1 July 2019, it is an offence to ride an unregistered e-scooter on public paths. 

Power-assisted bicycles (PABs) must be sealed with the LTA approval seal, registered and affixed with a registration plate. For details on how to register your PAB, visit

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To accord more rider responsibility and ensure the safety of pedestrians and other users on public paths, the following rules below have to be observed when riding on footpaths and shared paths. Go to the full list of rules under the Active Mobility Act for more information.
                  More rules on riding on public paths

Best Practices
All users of active mobility devices are also encouraged to follow this set of code of conduct to share public paths safely and harmoniously with others.

  • Watch your speed and go slow around others.
  • Check that your lights, brakes and tyres are in good working condition before setting off. 
  • Check the height of your handlebars and seat on the bicycle to ensure that you have full control of the device when coming to a sudden stop in an emergency.
  • Keep both hands on the handlebars. Signal your attention to change course or make a turn ahead of time.
  • Ride on bicycle crossings when available. 
  • Keep a safe distance from other path users especially when overtaking to avoid collision.
  • Avoid projecting your device lights into the face of another device rider or of a pedestrian when riding.
  • Keep left on paths unless when overtaking.
  • Slow down when approaching bus stops and/or intersections of public paths.
  • Walk your device in crowded areas.
  • Gently alert others before overtaking.
  • Always give way to pedestrians.
  • Ride on shared paths when available.
  • Park your devices at designated parking places such as bicycle racks and yellow boxes. When parking your PMD, be sure to secure it to a bicycle bay to prevent it from being stolen. Check out the locking tips from Singapore Police Force here.

Read the full code of conduct for cycling and riding PMDs on public paths under the Active Mobility Act.

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cycling on roads

The following rules for cyclists and PAB riders can be found under the Road Traffic Act (RTA). Observe these rules when cycling on roads.

2Otherwise, cycling two abreast is allowed.

3Rear red reflectors can be used on bicycles and power-assisted bicycles (PABs). 


Best practices

Cyclists and PAB riders are encouraged to adopt the following practices to safeguard themselves and share the roads safely with motorists.

  • Always ride as close as practicably to the left-hand edge of roads, and allow traffic to overtake you safely. Keep a straight course and avoid sudden swerves. 
  • Always use bicycle lanes when available.
  • Do not weave through traffic and avoid sudden swerves. 
  • Keep a safe distance behind moving vehicles. Do not hold to the back or side of motor vehicles.
  • Maintain awareness of traffic when riding.
  • Slow down and look out for other road users when approaching bends, junctions, bus stops and pedestrian crossings or when passing a parked car.
  • Do not squeeze between the kerb and a bus that has stopped at a bus stop.
  • Avoid squeezing between a turning vehicle and the kerb. Keep your cycling speed under control when riding on downhill roads. Get off and walk the bicycle if the hill is too steep.
  • Wear bright-coloured clothing to increase your visibility to other vehicles and pedestrians.
  • Plan ahead and pick the safest route, and keep out of heavy traffic as much as possible. 
  • Do not carry anything in your arm that may interfere with the proper control of your bicycle.
  • Check the height of your handlebars and seat on the bicycle to ensure that you have full control of the device when coming to a sudden stop in an emergency.
  • Keep both hands on the handlebars. Signal your attention to change course or make a turn ahead of time.

Read the full code of conduct for cycling on roads under the Highway Code.

Getting personal liability insurance

To protect yourself from personal accident expenses and third-party injury claims, you may like to consider purchasing active mobility insurance. The following are some products5 available on the market:

5This list is not meant to be exhaustive nor imply endorsement or recommendation of any of these products or companies. You should make your own assessment on the product that best meet your needs.

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Key regulations under the AMA governing retailers on the sale, advertisement and modification of non-compliant devices6 include:

·         Mandatory requirement to put up warning notices
·         No displaying and advertising of non-compliant devices
·         No selling of PMDs for use on roads
·         No selling of non-compliant devices for use on public paths
·         No altering or modifying of devices to render them non-compliant

Penalties for offences vary, with the maximum fine not exceeding $5,000, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months, or both, for the first offence. The list of rules and corresponding penalties applicable for PMD and PAB retailers are available on the Singapore Statutes Online website.

From 1 July 2019, it will be an offence to display, advertise and/or sell non-UL2272 certified motorised PMDs. 

6From 1 February 2019, these rules will also apply to retailers selling PMAs.

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Keep our streets neat and free of obstruction by following these steps when you end your trip on a shared bicycle.

  1. Park your shared bicycle at places shown below. You may also refer to your bicycle sharing app, which will display nearby designated parking zones.

    Parking responsibly in yellow boxes and at bicycle racks

  2. Look out for the QR code located near the parking area and scan it to end your trip.

    QR code parking

You will be charged an additional $5 fee by the bicycle sharing company for failing to park properly and scan the QR-code. After 3 failures, you will face a 1-month ban from using all shared bicycle services. The ban period will increase with every subsequent ban. For more details on the user ban process, read this guide.

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The Active Mobility Act (AMA) was passed in Parliament on 10 January 2017 and has come into effect. The laws were drafted based on the recommendations from the Active Mobility Advisory Panel (AMAP).

Click here for the full list of rules.

A full description of the various paths under the AMA can be found in the table below.

Type of Paths             Description
Pedestrian-Only Paths 
Shared Paths



Your Active Mobility Guide for Safer Journeys

Active Mobility Safety Poster

Learn all about the latest rules and code of conduct that all AM users should know and practise for safer and happier journeys.

Download posters:
English, Chinese, Malay, Tamil

Download brochures:
English, Chinese, Malay, Tamil


Safe Riders Campaign

Safe Riders Campaign Poster

Share the 7 safe riding habits that cyclists and PMD users should observe when riding on paths!

Download 'Safe Riders' poster in English/ChineseMalay/Tamil

Park It Right Campaign

Park it Right poster

Help keep our streets neat and free of obstruction! Park shared bicycles at designated parking locations and scan the QR-code to end your trip. Download these posters to learn more about the new QR-code parking system for bicycle-sharing users.

Download posters:
English, Chinese, Malay, Tamil

You will face a 1-month ban from using all bicycle-sharing services after 3 failures to park properly and scan the QR-code. For more details on the user ban process, read this guide.

Warning Notices for Retailers

Warning notice to retailers

Retailers need to display at least one warning notice for selling PMDs and/or PABs, and at least one warning notice for selling motorised wheelchairs and mobility scooters (otherwise known as PMAs). The notice must be no smaller than 29.7cm x 42cm, printed indelibly in colour with minimum resolution of 300 dpi, and displayed prominently at or near any point of sale, or any point of payment.

Download the warning notice for PMD and PAB retailers here.

Download the warning notice for PMA retailers here.


Active mobility advisory panel

The Panel, commissioned in July 2015, is led by Senior Parliamentary Secretary A/Professor Muhammad Faishal Ibrahim, and comprises representatives from key stakeholder groups including seniors, youths, cyclists, users of PMDs, motorists, and grassroots leaders.

On 17 March 2016, the Panel recommended a set of rules and code of conduct for cycling and the use of PMDs. These recommendations were accepted in full by the Government and incorporated into the Active Mobility Act.

In 2018, the Panel commenced a second review with a focus on improving safety on public paths. The Government accepted the Panel's recommendations on 4 September 2018 and have implemented them on 1 February 2019.