Singapore’s Public Transport Architecture


  • Government commissioned a comprehensive study of local transport from 1967 to 1971.
  • Drew up Singapore’s land transport master plan up to 1992 under the massive State and City Planning (SCP) project (1962-1975).
  • Road Transport Action Committee (RTAC) was set up to look into pre-empting traffic jams.
  • Merger of 10 Chinese bus companies to 3 regionally based groups.
  • Formation of NTUC Comfort taxi cooperative.
  • Introduction of diesel tax, one of several measures to eradicate pirate taxis.
  • First flyover built across Clemenceau Avenue.


  • Singapore Traction Company (STC) bus company ceases operation.


  • Supplementary Public Transport Service established to complement standard bus services, using school and private hire buses.


  • 3 regionally based bus companies merged to form Singapore Bus Service (SBS).


  • Government Team of Officials (GTO) appointed to help run SBS.
  • Taxi licences no longer transferable; new taxi licences only issued to Comfort.


  • The “user pays” system, Area Licensing Scheme (ALS) was introduced.
  • Park and Ride scheme introduced.
  • City Shuttle Service (CSS) Company was set up to provide shuttle services from the fringe car parks into the restricted city zone.
  • Preferential Additional Registration Fee (PARF) introduced to encourage scrapping of cars more than 10 years old.


  • Park and Ride Scheme abandoned.
  • CSS extended to public housing estates.


  • Double-decker buses introduced.


  • SBS public-listed.