Singapore’s Public Transport Architecture
- Government commissioned a comprehensive study of local transport from 1967 to 1971.
- Drew up Singapore’s land transport master plan up to 1992 under the massive State and City Planning (SCP) project (1962-1975).
- Road Transport Action Committee (RTAC) was set up to look into pre-empting traffic jams.
- Merger of 10 Chinese bus companies to 3 regionally based groups.
- Formation of NTUC Comfort taxi cooperative.
- Introduction of diesel tax, one of several measures to eradicate pirate taxis.
- First flyover built across Clemenceau Avenue.
- Singapore Traction Company (STC) bus company ceases operation.
- Supplementary Public Transport Service established to complement standard bus services, using school and private hire buses.
- 3 regionally based bus companies merged to form Singapore Bus Service (SBS).
- Government Team of Officials (GTO) appointed to help run SBS.
- Taxi licences no longer transferable; new taxi licences only issued to Comfort.
- The “user pays” system, Area Licensing Scheme (ALS) was introduced.
- Park and Ride scheme introduced.
- City Shuttle Service (CSS) Company was set up to provide shuttle services from the fringe car parks into the restricted city zone.
- Preferential Additional Registration Fee (PARF) introduced to encourage scrapping of cars more than 10 years old.
- Park and Ride Scheme abandoned.
- CSS extended to public housing estates.
- Double-decker buses introduced.
- SBS public-listed.